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  • Writer's pictureSammy Salmela

A Beginner's Guide to Stock Trading: Step by Step


Two persons studying stocks and trading
Studying stocks and trading

Stock trading may seem like a complex and daunting world for beginners, but it doesn't have to be. With the right knowledge and understanding, anyone can take the first steps towards becoming a successful trader. In this guide, we will explore the basics of stock trading, from terminology to how to buy and sell stocks, and important factors that influence the market.


What is stock trading?

Stock trading, or stock market trading, is the process of buying and selling shares in public companies on an exchange. A share represents ownership in a company, and by trading shares, investors can make money by selling their shares at a higher price than they bought them for, or through dividends from the company.


Terminology to know

  1. Stock: Ownership in a company.

  2. Exchange: A marketplace where stocks and other financial assets are traded.

  3. Long position: Buying a stock with the expectation that its price will rise.

  4. Short position: Selling a stock that one does not own, with the hope of buying it back at a lower price in the future.

How to buy and sell stocks

  1. Open an account with a brokerage firm: To start trading stocks, you need an account with a brokerage firm. There are many online brokers that offer easy and quick registration.

  2. Do your research: Before buying stocks, it's important to research the company and its performance in the market. Analyze the company's financial reports and industry trends.

  3. Place your order: Once you've decided which stocks to buy, place your order by specifying the number of shares and the price you're willing to pay.

  4. Monitor your investment: After buying stocks, it's important to keep an eye on their performance and market developments. It may be necessary to adjust your portfolio based on changing conditions.

Factors that influence the market

  1. Economic indicators: Factors like GDP growth, inflation, and unemployment can affect the direction of the market.

  2. Political events: Decisions and policies affecting the economy can have a significant impact on the market.

  3. Company earnings: Corporate reports and news can influence stock prices.

Stock trading can be both exciting and profitable, but it's important to understand its basic principles and the risks associated with it. With the right knowledge and preparation, beginners can navigate the complex world of stock trading with confidence and success.

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